In a learning seminar of EIGE and EU social partners on 3 July in Brussels, EIGE provided EU statistics on the gender gap in education and employment in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths), ICT (Information and communication technologies) and EHW (Education, Health and Welfare) fields.
EIGE identifies the STEM, ICT and EHW fields as the most gender segregated fields in education and employment. While STEM and ICT professions are dominated by a male workforce (between 67% and 97%), EHW fields are predominantly made up of women (between 69% and 90%).
EIGE's findings include an overview of the percentage of female workers in the EHW field. 70% of professionals in the health branch, 80 % of health associate professionals and 90% of personal care workers are women. It is highlighted that in the sector the demands for caring are increasing in the context of ageing societies.
To counteract the gender segregation in those fields, EIGE's recommendations include innovative approaches to career choices, policies targeting gender gaps in digital skills and self confidence in digital skills, active labour market policies and lifelong learning.
In their Joint Declaration on the contribution of social services to Europe, the Social Employers recognise the challenges linked to gender imbalances in the sector.
Find the Social Employers’ Joint Declaration here.
Find the EIGE presentation on gender segregation in education, training and employment here.